American Literature, Basic American Literature Authors With List Of Their Works

Set within the impoverished regions of 1930s Chicago, this novel follows Bigger Thomas, an underprivileged younger man who falls into a lifetime of crime. While the book doesn’t condone Bigger’s actions, it does present an essential and sympathetic look at how poor Black youth, particularly, are shaped by their material circumstances. Follow New York Times Books on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram, sign up for our e-newsletter or our literary calendar. I learn THE NATURE OF PREJUDICE , by Gordon W. Allport, sometime within the ’70s, while I was in jail.

Among essentially the most adorned American writers of his era, he has gained each main American literary award, including the Pulitzer Prize for his major novel American Pastoral . Charles Chesnutt, the primary African American fiction writer to be revealed within the prestigious Atlantic Monthly, wrote regionalist fiction concerning the South. His tales often function ex-slave Uncle Julius McAdoo, a wise old man with remarkable skill for manipulating his white “superiors.” Chesnutt’s best-known brief story collections are entitled The Conjure Woman and The Wife of His Youth . His 1901 novel The Marrow of Tradition registers strongly his anger at persevering with racial injustice, telling the story of a white girl and her unacknowledged mixed race sister who discover their lives torn apart throughout a race riot over an election in Wilmington, North Carolina.

Herman Melville’s novel Moby-Dick; or, The Whale emphasised the perils of individual obsession by telling the story of Captain Ahab’s single-minded quest to kill a white whale, Moby Dick, which had destroyed Ahab’s original ship and brought on him to lose one of his legs. Edgar Allan Poe, a popular creator, critic, and poet, decried, “the so-called poetry of the so-called transcendentalists.” These American writers who questioned transcendentalism illustrate the underlying tension between individualism and conformity in American life. Other notable works from this time period include Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter and The House of the Seven Gables . But even such minor novelists because the Norwegian-born H. H. Boyesen (1848–1895) contributed occasional criticism that helped to enlarge the literary horizon. In Boyesen’s slight e-book of 1893, Literary and Social Silhouettes, for example, he accredited such now-forgotten writers as Edgar Fawcett and H. Their critical writing, like their fiction, was extra descriptive than prescriptive, more inquiring than inquisitorial – and due to this fact incipiently modern.

Get a FREE e-book of writing prompts and find out how to make extra cash out of your writing. The range of backgrounds is a testomony to the success of the American Dream that these people put to paper. Emily Elizabeth Dickinson was the middle of three kids, born to Emily Norcross and Edward Dickinson. His legacy as a writer grew in significance in the course of the 1980s, with honors together with works inducted into the Library of America and launch of United States Postal Service stamps. John Ernst Steinbeck Jr. spent his youthful years engaged on ranches and in migrant fields, which impressed later literary works. His mother was a college instructor, and his father was known as a county treasurer.

Based on her personal experiences growing up as a young woman with three sisters, and illustrated by her youngest sister, May, the novel was an immediate success, promoting greater than 2,000 copies immediately. Several sequels have been revealed, together with Little Men and Jo’s Boys . Although Little Women is ready in a very particular place and time in American history, the characters and their relationships have touched generations of readers and nonetheless are beloved. The publication of the first slim version of Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass in 1855 was the debut of a masterpiece that shifted the course of American literary history. Refreshing and bold in both theme and elegance, the book underwent many revisions throughout Whitman’s lifetime. Over virtually forty years Whitman produced multiple editions of Leaves of Grass, shaping the book into an ever-transforming kaleidoscope of poems.

Plath is credited with popularizing confessional poetry and received a posthumous Pulitzer Prize in Poetry. Sylvia Plath achieved recognition and critical acclaim despite affected by medical despair for essentially the most a half of her grownup life. Her story inspired the 2003 movie Sylvia during which she was portrayed by Gwyneth Paltrow. Was he the genial author of two beloved boys books, the white-haired and white-suited avuncular humorist, the sensible novelist, the exposer of shams, the creator repressed by bourgeois values, or the social satirist whose later writings embody an more and more dark view?

From there, Ernest Hemingway produced a selection of works that are thought-about to be among the best books of all time. Some of his best-known works embrace A Farewell to Arms, For Whom the Bell Tolls, and the old man in the sea. Undoubtedly, Ernest Hemingway is likely certainly one of the greatest American writers ever, and he has had a massive affect on 20th-century writing. Poe is considered the first American author that earned a living from his written works.

Ralph Waldo Emerson was an American thinker who led the transcendentalist movement that developed within the eastern United States in the 1820s and 1830s. He is credited with popularizing individualism through his quite a few lectures and essays. Emerson influenced many thinkers and writers that followed him; he mentored Henry David Thoreau, who went on to turn out to be a leading transcendentalist. Author, editor, and Princeton professor Toni Morrison is finest remembered for her Pulitzer Prize-winning novel Beloved, a part of a trilogy. Some of her other notable works embody The Bluest Eye and Song of Solomon.

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